Advances in Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials-aided mandibular reconstruction using in vivo bioreactors

Large mandibular defects are clinically challenging to reconstruct due to the complex anatomy of the jaw and the limited availability of appropriate tissue for repair. We envision leveraging current advances in fabrication and biomaterials to create implantable devices that generate bone within the patients themselves suitable for their own specific anatomical pathology. The in vivo bioreactor strategy facilitates the generation of large autologous vascularized bony tissue of customized geometry without the addition of exogenous growth factors or cells. To translate this technology, we investigated its success in reconstructing a mandibular defect of physiologically relevant size in sheep. 

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3D-printed, externally-implanted, bioresorbable airway splints for severe tracheobronchomalacia

Engineering strategies to facilitate regeneration of missing tissues commonly employ biomaterial scaffolds to guide tissue formation. Such approaches often seek to leverage bioresorbable scaffold materials to mitigate potential complications that might be associated with long-term retention of the implanted material.

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A simple layer-stacking technique to generate biomolecular and mechanical gradients in photocrosslinkable hydrogels

Tissue engineering scaffolds increasingly seek to mimic complex biomolecular and mechanical gradients reflective of the tissue(s) of interest to guide regeneration, especially at complex tissue interfaces such as the osteochondral interface of the mandibular condyle.

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Engineering Porous β-Tricalcium Phosphate (β-TCP) Scaffolds with Multiple Channels to Promote Cell Migration, Proliferation, and Angiogenesis

Inadequate oxygen and nutrient diffusion in a porous scaffold often resulted in insufficient formation of branched vasculatures, which hindered bone regeneration. In this study, interconnected porous β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds with different geometric designs of channels were fabricated and compared to discover the functionality of structure on facilitating nutrient diffusion for angiogenesis. In vitro fluid transportation and degradation of the scaffolds were performed. Cell infiltration, migration, and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on the scaffolds were carried out under both static and dynamic culture conditions.

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Development and Characterization of a Rabbit Model of Compromised Maxillofacial Wound Healing.

Defects in the maxillofacial skeleton often present with a compromised wound bed and associated challenges to repair. However, pre-clinical investigation of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies seeking to facilitate repair of such defects commonly involves a healthy animal model presenting an ideal wound bed.

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An Overview of the Tissue Engineering Market in the United States from 2011 to 2018

The growth of the field of tissue engineering over the past several decades has been remarkable. While considerable investments continue to be placed in research and development for tissue engineering technologies, translation of the technologies to the clinic to effect patient care remains the ultimate objective.

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Poly(Thioketal Urethane) Autograft Extenders in an Intertransverse Process Model of Bone Formation

Autograft bone serves as a standard option for bone regeneration in a variety of contexts in the craniomaxillofacial complex, due in part to the osteoinductivity generally presented by the graft tissue. Nonetheless, the limited availability of autograft bone, patient morbidity, and other considerations motivate the development of autograft extenders to reduce the volume required to promote regeneration in bony defects.

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Commitment of Oral-Derived Stem Cells in Dental and Maxillofacial Applications

Tissue engineering is based on the interaction between stem cells, biomaterials and factors delivered in biological niches. Oral tissues have been found to be rich in stem cells from different sources: Stem cells from oral cavity are easily harvestable and have shown a great plasticity towards the main lineages, specifically towards bone tissues.

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The impact of immune response on endochondral bone regeneration

Tissue engineered cartilage substitutes, which induce the process of endochondral ossification, represent a regenerative strategy for bone defect healing. Such constructs typically consist of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) forming a cartilage template in vitro, which can be implanted to stimulate bone formation in vivo. The use of MSCs of allogeneic origin could potentially improve the clinical utility of the tissue engineered cartilage constructs in three ways. First, ready-to-use construct availability can speed up the treatment process. Second, MSCs derived and expanded from a single donor could be applied to treat several patients and thus the costs of the medical interventions would decrease. Finally, it would allow more control over the quality of the MSC chondrogenic differentiation. However, even though the envisaged clinical use of allogeneic cell sources for bone regeneration is advantageous, their immunogenicity poses a significant obstacle to their clinical application

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Skeletal stem cells regress when tasked with extensive regeneration

Adult mouse skeletal stem cells in the jaw revert to a more developmentally flexible state when called upon to regenerate large portions of bone and tissue, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

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Cytokines in umbilical code blood-derived cellular product: a mechanistic insight into bone repair

In patients with compromised health, bone repair and remodeling present a clinical challenge for orthopedic surgeons, with the most common complication being non-union. Treatment of bone non-union is critical in preventing progressive deformity, relieving persistent pain and subsequently achieving a total functional recovery.

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Should we extract the tooth and replace it with a dental implant?

Should we extract the tooth and replace it with a dental implant?

Regenerative surgical procedures have long been considered a suitable method for restoring lost periodontal structure and functional attachment. But how did the concept develop? And what can we expect in the future?

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Channels in a porous scaffold: a new player for vascularization

Vascularization is essential for tissue regeneration. Despite extensive efforts in the past decades, sufficient and rapid vascularization remains a major challenge in tissue engineering. Many studies have shown that the addition of channels in a porous scaffold can provide the ability to promote cell growth and rapid vascularization, thus leading to better outcomes in new tissue formation. 

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Recession Coverage: A less invasive tunneling technique for multiple recession defects

Recession Coverage: A less invasive tunneling technique for multiple recession defects

The goal of a surgical procedure aimed at treating multiple recessions is to achieve complete root coverage that blends with the surrounding soft-tissue and ensures long-term stability with a sulcus depth no greater than 2 mm. The current, most commonly used techniques for treating multi-tooth recessions can be divided into two groups:

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Dealing with extraction sockets

Dealing with extraction sockets

Following tooth extraction, the maintenance of the original bone volume is paramount. But what parameters need to be considered?

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Bioprinting bone substitute materials with cell-laden bioinks

Bioprinting bone substitute materials with cell-laden bioinks

Bone tissue engineering (BTE) is a developing field in materials science and bioengineering, in which researchers aim to engineer an ideal, bioinspired material to promote assisted bone repair.

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Bioengineered tooth replacement opens doors to new therapies

Tooth loss is a significant health issue currently affecting millions of people worldwide.

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Matrix-associated chondrocyte transplantation for reconstruction of articulating surfaces in the temporomandibular joint: a pilot study covering medium- and long-term outcomes of 6 patients

One important aim of the field of tissue engineering (TE) is to replace degenerated tissues with cells and scaffolds that restore tissue function and mediate regeneration. 

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Mexican scientists see stem cells from teeth as future of regenerative medicine

Mexican scientists see stem cells from teeth as future of regenerative medicine

Mexico has become a groundbreaker in regenerative medical science. And one institution is touting innovative ways to reduce the prohibitive costs of the therapy. CGTN’s Alasdair Baverstock reports.

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Using a 3-D collagen matrix for vestibuloplasty

Using a 3-D collagen matrix for vestibuloplasty

No painful graft harvest and very good color and texture match surrounding tissue – these are major advantages when performing a vestibuloplasty with Geistlich Mucograft®. Now there is long-term data over five years.

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How Flatworms Re-Grow Their Own Heads: Scientists Finally Identify The Potential ‘Grail’ Of Regenerative Medicine

How Flatworms Re-Grow Their Own Heads: Scientists Finally Identify The Potential ‘Grail’ Of Regenerative Medicine

The species of simple animal known as Planaria has acted as a model organism in the disciplines of tissue regeneration science for quite a while now.

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UTHealth oral surgeons develop new technique to reconstruct diseased jaw joints

UTHealth oral surgeons develop new technique to reconstruct diseased jaw joints

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have developed and successfully tested a new surgical technique that could be a critical step toward using bioengineered cartilage to treat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction.

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Engineering a New Era: Will Autogenous Tissue Remain the Gold Standard for Head and Neck Reconstruction?

Jazayeri, H. E.; Dorafshar, A. H. “Engineering a New Era: Will Autogenous Tissue Remain the Gold Standard for Head and Neck Reconstruction?”, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, published online: 2018

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HPMC, ZnO, And BG In Alveolar Ridge Augmentation

HPMC, ZnO, And BG In Alveolar Ridge Augmentation

These dental implants rely heavily on the presence of a structured alveolar ridge, as the titanium screw used for fixation requires a specific dimension for insertion.

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A chat with Jung-Chul Park

A chat with Jung-Chul Park

About five years ago. In the beginning I was skeptical: why should I preserve the ridge, if I could also wait and do implant placement with simultaneous GBR later on?

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Robotic Study Could Lead to Quicker Regenerative Medicine Research

Robotic Study Could Lead to Quicker Regenerative Medicine Research

The study of robotics has been known to yield benefits for humans in a variety of ways; however, a new research study suggests possible benefits but on a different scale.

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Scientists successfully graft neural precursor cells into spinal cords of syngeneic pigs with no immunosuppression

Scientists successfully graft neural precursor cells into spinal cords of syngeneic pigs with no immunosuppression

A major hurdle to using neural stem cells derived from genetically different donors to replace damaged or destroyed tissues, such as in a spinal cord injury, has been the persistent rejection of the introduced material (cells), necessitating the use of complex drugs and techniques to suppress the host’s immune response.

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Transflammation: A New Frontier In Regenerative Medicine

Transflammation: A New Frontier In Regenerative Medicine

Cardiovascular regeneration focuses on repairing or replacing damaged or senescent cardiac and vascular tissue.

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3D Bioprinted Scaffold-free Nerve Constructs with Human Gingiva-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells as Bioink Promote Rat Facial Nerve Regeneration.

Despite the promising neuro-regenerative capacities of stem cells, there is currently no licensed stem cell-based product in the repair and regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries. Here, we explored the potential use of human gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) as the only cellular component in 3D bio-printed scaffold-free neural constructs that were transplantable to bridge facial nerve defects in rats.

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Regenerative Medicine Market Is Expected To Grow 23.54% CAGR till 2025

Regenerative Medicine Market Is Expected To Grow 23.54% CAGR till 2025

Regenerative medicine is a branch of translational research in tissue engineering and molecular biology which deals with the process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function.

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Mapping arteries could help avoid complications and improve outcomes in oral surgeries

Mapping arteries could help avoid complications and improve outcomes in oral surgeries

Purdue University-affiliated startup has devised a way to map arteries in the roof of a person’s mouth to help avoid complications and improve outcomes in oral surgery.

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“It’s not only science. There is a lot of art involved.”

“It’s not only science. There is a lot of art involved.”

Geistlich invested heavily to develop its latest product, the 3D collagen matrix Geistlich Fibro-Gide®. Dr. Terance Hart, Director Research, and Dr. Mark Spilker, Chief Scientific Officer, talk about innovation, research pathways and strategic collaborations.

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A breakthrough in soft-tissue regeneration

A breakthrough in soft-tissue regeneration

Although connective tissue grafts are the gold standard when it comes to soft tissue augmentation their use is associated with several issues such as anatomical restrictions1-3 or pain and numbness at the donor site4,5.

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New Knight Campus director to discuss regenerative medicine

New Knight Campus director to discuss regenerative medicine

Robert E. Guldberg, the incoming executive director of the Phil and Penny Knight Campus for Accelerating Scientific Impact, will introduce the campus community to his research in an upcoming public talk.

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New Stem Cell Found in Lung, May Offer Target for Regenerative Medicine

New Stem Cell Found in Lung, May Offer Target for Regenerative Medicine

Newly identified stem cells in the lung that multiply rapidly after a pulmonary injury may offer an opportunity for innovative future treatments that harness the body’s ability to regenerate.

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Fujifilm, Takeda Partner on Regenerative Medicine Therapies

Fujifilm, Takeda Partner on Regenerative Medicine Therapies

Fujifilm Global and Takeda Oncology recently announced a collaboration to develop regenerative medicine therapies for the treatment of heart failure using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes.

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Regenerative Potential of Various Soft Polymeric Scaffolds in the Temporomandibular Joint Condyle

Regenerative Potential of Various Soft Polymeric Scaffolds in the Temporomandibular Joint Condyle

Biodegradable polymeric scaffolds have been used for tissue engineering approaches and can be used to regenerate temporomandibular joint (TMJ) tissues.

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Temporomandibular Joint Regenerative Medicine

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an articulation formed between the temporal bone and the mandibular condyle which is commonly affected. These affections are often so painful during fundamental oral activities that patients have lower quality of life.

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UF Launches New Center for Regenerative Medicine

UF Launches New Center for Regenerative Medicine

The University of Florida has launched a Center for Regenerative Medicine to develop lifesaving therapies “to heal the body from within” using stem cells that repair damaged tissue and organs.

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Neural Crest Stem-Like Cells Non-genetically Induced from Human Gingiva-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promote Facial Nerve Regeneration in Rats. Mol Neurobiol

Non-genetic induction of somatic cells into neural crest stem-like cells (NCSCs) is promising for potential cell-based therapies for post-traumatic peripheral nerve regeneration.

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Printing Human Body Parts: Bio-Ink Drops Showing Promise for Regenerative Medicine

Printing Human Body Parts: Bio-Ink Drops Showing Promise for Regenerative Medicine

A method of making bioink droplets to stick to each other using an enzyme driven crosslinking method has been developed by researchers from Osaka University

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Heart renewal in newts

Heart renewal in newts

When newts lose a leg, they regenerate a new one.  Even destroyed cardiac tissue is swiftly replaced by healthy tissue. What is the underlying mechanism?

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Augmentation Procedures for Geriatric Patients

Augmentation Procedures for Geriatric Patients

Since 2010 global demographics have revealed an ever-increasing elderly population.

Aged patients, who tend to present with partial or total tooth loss, inevitably need more complex and higher quality dental rehabilitation, including dental implant therapy.

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Should we extract the tooter and replace it with a dental implant?

Regenerative surgical procedures have long been considered a suitable method for restoring lost periodontal structure and functional attachment.

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Engineering a New Era: Will Autogenous Tissue Remain the Gold Standard for Head and Neck Reconstruction?

The evolution of head and neck reconstruction dates to approximately 1000 BC, when Sushruta, the father of Indian surgery, introduced the
the theory for arguably the first regional pedicled flap in rhinoplasty. Ancient Egyptian, Greek, Persian, and Indian civilizations expanded on this medical marvel by contributing to discoveries in human anatomy, whereas Roman physicians described possibilities for local tissue rearrangements for nearly all segments of the face.

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Jaw Surgery Market | Rising Demand for Jaw Surgery Drives Growth of The Global Market

Jaw Surgery Market | Rising Demand for Jaw Surgery Drives Growth of The Global Market

Jaw Surgery is performed to correct various problems related to the jaw, facial appearance, and other maxillofacial problems.

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Loss of a transplant due to alveolitis

Loss of a transplant due to alveolitis

First peri-implantitis occurs, then alveolitis following explantation. How should this case be treated?

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Mechanisms of Age-Related Bone Loss

Mechanisms of Age-Related Bone Loss

Bone is comprised of a mineral and protein scaffold filled with bone cells.

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Bisphosphonates

Bisphosphonates

Bisphosphonates and other antiresorptives have been used in various bone diseases for many years.

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Small molecule-mediated tribbles homolog 3 promotes bone formation induced by bone morphogenetic protein-2.

Although bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) has demonstrated extraordinary potential in bone formation, its clinical applications require supraphysiological milligram-level doses that increase postoperative inflammation and inappropriate adipogenesis, resulting in well-documented life threatening cervical swelling and cyst-like bone formation.

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Bone Regenerative Medicine in Oral and Maxillofacial Region Using a Three-Dimensional Printer

Bone grafts currently used for the treatment of large bone defect or asymmetry in oral and maxillofacial region include autologous, allogeneic, and artificial bones. Although artificial bone is free from the concerns of donor site morbidity, limitation of volume, disease transmission, and ethical issues, it lacks osteogenic and osteoinductive activities

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Rapid Bioorthogonal Chemistry Turn–on through Enzymatic or Long Wavelength Photocatalytic Activation of Tetrazine Ligation

Rapid bioorthogonal reactivity can be induced by controllable, catalytic stimuli using air as the oxidant.

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A Fast-Degrading Thiol-Acrylate based Hydrogel for Cranial Regeneration, Journal of Biomaterials.

Successful regeneration of the cranium in patients suffering from cranial bone defects is an integral step to restore craniofacial function.

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Accelerated craniofacial bone regeneration through dense collagen gel scaffolds seeded with dental pulp stem cells

Therapies using mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) seeded scaffolds may be applicable to various fields of regenerative medicine, including craniomaxillofacial surgery. Plastic compression of collagen scaffolds seeded with MSC has been shown to enhance the osteogenic differentiation of MSC as it increases the collagen fibrillary density. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the osteogenic effects of dense collagen gel scaffolds seeded with mesenchymal dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) on bone regeneration in a rat critical-size calvarial defect model.

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Ovine Model For Generation of Tissue-Engineered Vascularized Bone of Large Volume and Custom Geometry

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a multivariate disease with poorly understood mechanisms, but recently 30+ different mutations have been suggested to contribute to disease pathology.

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Reconstruction of Large Mandibular Defects Using Autologous Tissues Generated From In Vivo Bioreactors

Reconstruction of large mandibular defects is clinically challenging due to the need for donor tissue of appropriate shape and volume to facilitate high fidelity repair.

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Regulation of Epithelial–to–Mesenchymal Transition Using Biomimetic Fibrous Scaffolds

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a well-studied biological process that takes place during embryogenesis, carcinogenesis and tissue fibrosis.

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Clinical review of bone regenerative medicine and maxillomandibular reconstruction

We have studied bone regenerative medicine to employ autologous bone marrow stromal cells and platelet-rich plasma as tissue-engineered osteogenic materials. Although our studies have been successful to a certain degree, advancing to clinical applications, the strategy for practical use of this method has to be changed, because the environment surrounding bone regenerative medicine has evolved dramatically.

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Roles of the Fibrous Superficial Zone in the Mechanical Behavior of TMJ Condylar Cartilage

In temporomandibular joints (TMJs), the cartilage on the condylar head displays a unique ultrastructure with a dense layer of type I collagen in the superficial zone, different from hyaline cartilage in other joints.

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